Thursday, December 19

Vitamins



Vitamins

1) Name: Vitamin A
Chemical name: Retinol
Solubility: Fat
Food source: Cod liver oil, carrots
Year of discovery :1913
Deficiency disease :Night-blindness and Keratomalacia
Overdose disease: Hypervitaminosis A
Solubility --- Fat
Deficiency disease: Night-blindness and Keratomalacia
Overdose disease: Hypervitaminosis A

2) Name : Vitamin B1
Chemical name :Thiamine
Year of discovery: 1910
Food source : Rice bran
Solubility :Water
Deficiency disease : Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Overdose disease :Drowsiness or muscle relaxation with large doses.

3) Name : Vitamin B2 
Chemical name: Riboflavin
Year of discovery : 1920
Food source :Meat, eggs
Solubility : Water
Deficiency disease: Ariboflavinosis

4) Name: Vitamin B3
Chemical name : Niacin
Year of discovery : 1936
Food source : Meat, eggs, grains
Solubility: Water
Deficiency disease: Pellagra
Overdose disease:Liver damage (doses > 2g/day) and other problems

5) Name: Vitamin B5 
Chemical name: Pantothenic acid
Year of discovery :1931
Food source: Meats, whole grains, in many foods
Solubility: Water
Deficiency disease: Paresthesia
Overdose disease : Diarrhea; possibly nausea and heartburn.

6) Name : Vitamin B6
Chemical name :Pyridoxine
Year of discovery :1934
Food source : Meat, dairy products.
Solubility:Water
Deficiency disease: Anemia peripheral neuropathy.
Overdose disease : Impairment of proprioception, nerve damage (doses > 100 mg/day)

7) Name : Vitamin B7
Chemical name: Biotin
Year of discovery: 1931
Food source : Meats, dairy products, eggs
Solubility :Water
Deficiency disease : Dermatitis, enteritis

8) Name : Vitamin B9
Chemical name:Folic acid
Year of discovery :1941
Food source: Leafy green vegetables
Solubility: Water
Deficiency disease : Deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects
Overdose disease : May mask symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency; other effects.

9) Name: Vitamin B12
Chemical name: Cobalamins
Year of discovery : 1926
Food source : Liver, eggs, animal products
Solubility:Water
Deficiency disease: Megaloblastic anemia
Overdose disease : No known toxicity

10) Name : Vitamin C 
Chemical name:Ascorbic acid
Year of discovery :1920
Food source:Citrus, most fresh foods
Solubility: Water
Deficiency disease : Scurvy
Overdose disease : Vitamin C megadosage

11) Name : Vitamin D 
Chemical name: Calciferol
Year of discovery : 1920
Food source : Cod liver oil
Solubility: Fat
Deficiency disease:Rickets and Osteomalacia
Overdose disease : Hypervitaminosis D

12) Name : Vitamin E 
Chemical name :Tocopherol
Year of discovery :1922
Food source : Wheat germ oil, unrefined vegetable oils
Solubility :Fat
Deficiency disease : Deficiency is very rare; mild hemolytic anemia in newborn infants.
Overdose disease: Increased congestive heart failure seen in one large randomized study.

13) Name :Vitamin K 
Chemical name :Phylloquinone/phytol naphthoquinone
Year of discovery :1929
Food source: Leafy green vegetables
Solubility:Fat
Deficiency disease : Bleeding diathesis
Overdose disease :Increases coagulation in patients taking warfarin.

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